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The no till revolution is the solution to our soil's pollution.
Our contribution to the revolution will result in our society's evolution. 
Feed the soil, not the plant
We saving the planet, don't tell me we can't
Humankind will thrive when we see that The Earth is alive
Humankind, we need to be humans that are kind and intertwined
Get into the frame of mind that is aligned with Mother Earths design
Must I remind, nature has refined the grind and has streamlined her design since the beginning of time
She a mastermind that I can get behind
When we are unaligned with her design, we pollute and mine
The underline bottom line is we can choose to preserve our beautiful planet
or we can choose to take it for granite
I'ma tell you right now, I'm no till till the end my friend
The Earth is my boo and I wish that was true for you too :)



No till living soil is basically just mimicking mother nature. The mindset is to feed your soil, not the plant. Soil is not just dirt- it's alive! Soil is full of tiny animal-like creatures called microorganisms. These include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc. I like to think of them as tiny dinosaurs that live in the microscopic universe under our feet. 

These tiny dinosaurs live in the rhizosphere which is like the city of the soil universe. The rhizosphere is the area around the roots and this is where the party happens. This is where nutrients and information are exchanged. When you "feed the soil", you are feeding microbes organic matter that they will then turn into plant available nutrients. These soluble nutrients are released by microbes into the rhizosphere where the plant can take it up and use it. 

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To apply nature's tech to our cannabis grow, we have to see the soil as a living entity. The soil really is alive and there are more microbes in a teaspoon of soil than there are people on the earth.  

Nature has been doing her thing for far longer than humans have existed and I think it is time for us to recognize that. Nature does the things she does because it works. Nature is straight OG. We should be looking to nature as a living organism that we can learn from. Nature should be our mentor. 

No Till Living Soil or as I like to call it... "The Mother Nature tech"- includes mulch, cover crops, microbes, worms, beneficial bugs, and companion plants. 

Soil Food Web-
Elaine Ingham coined the term "Soil Food Web" which is the relationship of all the organisms in the soil working together to feed the plant that feeds them. The soil food web includes microscopic critters like bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc; as well as macroscopic critters like worms, bugs, birds, moles, etc. Every critter is an important part of the soil food web and their work is vital to all life on Earth. Thank you, soil food web :)
 

There are many ways that the soil food web is an integral part of landscape processes. Soil organisms decompose organic compounds, including manure, plant residue, and pesticides, preventing them from entering water and becoming pollutants. They sequester nitrogen and other nutrients that might otherwise enter groundwater, and they fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, making it available to plants. Many organisms enhance soil aggregation and porosity, thus increasing infiltration and reducing runoff. Soil organisms prey on crop pests and are food for above-ground animals.
— https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detailfull/soils/health/biology/?cid=nrcs142p2_053868
soil-food-web.jpg

Mulch-
In nature, the soil is never bare. Healthy soil is always covered by a layer of fallen debris like leaves. This is the mulch layer. It retains water, protects the soil from erosion, insulates the soil so the temperature of the ground changes slower, suppresses unwanted weeds, and decomposing mulch adds nutrient rich organic matter to your soil. 

"Adding organic matter or mulch is the best way to insure a healthy garden," Fick said. "If the prospect of a vegetable garden blanketed under huge mounds of organic matter or mulch doesn't fit your vision of a perfectly tended garden, remember that when soils bake in the sun, weeds grow and plants become dehydrated and die."  -http://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/mulch-key-no-till-gardens

Cover Crops-
A diverse population of cover crop will suppress weeds, build productive soil, and help control pests and diseases.

"A cover crop is any plant grown for the primary purpose of improving the soil. Since the early 1900s, farmers have used cover crops to restore fertility to worn-out land. In addition to helping bulk up soil with organic matter, cover crops prevent erosion, suppress weeds, and create and cycle soilborne nutrients using the power of the sun. Recent advances in soil biology have revealed two more ways cover crops can improve soil.

Rhizodeposition is a special advantage to working with cover crops. Many plants actually release sugars and other substances through their roots. They are like little solar engines, pumping energy down into the soil. With vigorous cover crop plants, this process goes on much more deeply than you would ever dig — 6 feet for oats and rye! If you are leaving your garden beds bare in winter, you are missing the chance to use cold-hardy crops such as cereal rye or oats to solar-charge your soil. Thanks to this release of sugars, the root tips of many plants host colonies of helpful microorganisms, and as the roots move deeper, the microbes follow."
http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/cover-crops-improve-soil-zmaz09onzra
 

https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_PLANTMATERIALS/publications/nypmssy11419.pdf

https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_PLANTMATERIALS/publications/nypmssy11419.pdf

Microbes!-
Every no-till gardener should learn about the mysterious, trippy microscopic universe! We know more about the universe far away- above our heads than we do about the universe right here under our feet! 

Microbes are your workers in a no-till living garden. Microbes are the ones that feed your plants by releasing enzymes that turn nutrients into a plant-available form. When you "feed the soil - not the plant"...you are feeding the microbes that will then feed the plant. Give your microbes the nutrients they need and they will turn it into a form that the plant can take up. 

“Producing more food with fewer resources may seem too good to be true, but the world’s farmers have trillions of potential partners that can help achieve that ambitious goal. Those partners are microbes.” -https://modernfarmer.com/2014/04/microbes-will-feed-world-real-farmers-grow-soil-crops/


The exudates attract microbes to the rhizosphere by feeding them, and the microbes feed the plant by converting locked up nutrients in the soil into their plant available forms. These microbes also help protect the roots against pests and disease by outcompeting the dangerous microbial life in the area.
— https://www.agzaar.com/living-soil-beginner-guide/

Worms-
Worms are like the intestine of the soil. They consume nutrients and break it down with their stomach acid. They travel through the soil and create aeration in the soil. Worms can speed up the compost process. 

"Earthworm casts have higher available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium contents than surrounding soil, as well as a higher cation-exchange capacity. Some micronutrients, such as zinc and boron, are more available in the excrement of earthworms through chelation of the micronutrients."
-http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/soil-management/soil-quality/earthworms

Benefical Bugs-
Some bugs can eat other bugs that destroy your garden. Ladybugs eat aphids, spider mites, and other pests. 

"Typically, Ladybugs (Hippodamia convergens) eat over 5,000Aphids and other soft-bodied pests during their one-year lifetime. Ladybugs are one of the few beneficial insects that can be stored, dormant, in the refrigerator for up to a few weeks, depending on the time of year, as long as they don't freeze or dry out."
-http://www.naturescontrol.com/aphid.html
 


Compost-
Compost, fuck yeah! I get hyped for compost because instead of throwing away food scrapes, you can just turn it back into soil! 

When we throw away food we create methane gases but if we compost that food instead, we can create healthy soil. 

Food that gets thrown out ends up in landfills, where it gradually rots and releases methane, a strong greenhouse gas. Globally, If food waste could be represented as its own country, it would be the third largest greenhouse gas emitter, behind China and the U.S.
— http://www.climatecentral.org/gallery/graphics/food-waste-methane-and-climate-change

Tim Wilson at Microbe Organics is a great learning resource for compost & microbes:
http://www.microbeorganics.com/

Very simply stated Compost Tea is a water-based environment wherein beneficial microorganisms are extracted from compost or vermicompost (worm compost) and multiplied by the millions and billions. Some form of agitation breaks the microbes free from the compost and they multiply because food, like black strap molasses, fish hydrolysate, kelp meal, etc. has been added to the water, which at least one type of microbe digests. When one or more type of microbe begins to multiply in response to the food, other microbes respond to this growth and begin to consume these initial microbes and multiply in turn and so on and so on. For example the initial microbes are usually bacteria which are food for protozoa so the protozoa multiply in response to the bacteria.
— http://www.microbeorganics.com/

Make your own compost tea brewer

Companion Plants-
Your plants have homies and we call them 'companion plants'.  Homie plants will improve the soil and help other plants stay healthy. Some plants are nitrogen-fixers that can take nitrogen from the air and turn it into a form that plants can use. 

"Approximately 80% of Earth’s atmosphere is nitrogen gas (N2). Unfortunately, N2 is unusable by most living organisms. Plants, animals, and microorganisms can die of nitrogen deficiency, surrounded by N2 they cannot use. All organisms use the ammonia (NH3) form of nitrogen to manufacture amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids, and other nitrogen-containing components necessary for life.

Biological nitrogen fixation is the process that changes inert N2 into biologically useful NH3. This process is mediated in nature only by N-fixing rhizobia bacteria (Rhizobiaceae, α-Proteobacteria) (Sørensen and Sessitsch, 2007). Other plants benefit from N-fixing bacteria when the bacteria die and release nitrogen to the environment, or when the bacteria live in close association with the plant. In legumes and a few other plants, the bacteria live in small growths on the roots called nodules. Within these nodules, nitrogen fixation is done by the bacteria, and the NH3 they produce is absorbed by the plant. Nitrogen fixation by legumes is a partnership between a bacterium and a plant."
-http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_a/A129/

"The image below shows the complex organization found in the root structure of legumes where these bacteria live."

Image Cred: https://online.science.psu.edu/micrb106_wd/node/7687

Image Cred: https://online.science.psu.edu/micrb106_wd/node/7687

Image Credit: https://www.slideshare.net/MarkMcGinley/microbe-plant-mutalisms-rhizobialegumes

Image Credit: https://www.slideshare.net/MarkMcGinley/microbe-plant-mutalisms-rhizobialegumes



There can be confusion about the difference between no till, organic, and living soil.

'Medically Fit' explains it perfectly in his video here:

 

I agree with his definitions:

Organics- When you are an organic grower you could just be using a coco base and feeding organic nutes in a bottle.
"By doing bottled organics you aren't doing the cycle of life. You are feeding the plant and not the soil biology" -Medically Fit
No till- Using cover crop, mulch, planting right next to a harvested plant and keeping the root ball in to not disturb the soil life
Living Organics(aka living soil aka ROLS- reusable organic living soil) - This is when your soil is alive. Starting out with a super soil and worms, you can add compost and compost teas to add all kinds of microbes including microbes that cannot be store bought. In Living Organics you are the creator of the soil food web where bacteria eat nutes and protozoa eat the bacteria that eat those nutes and excrete these nutrients into a plant available form. Its the cycle of life and the way that nature intended us to grow. 

-So you could be a no till grower but not have living soil if you aren't adding microbes/compost/worms.
You could grow with living soil but not be a no till grower if you disturb your soil life when transplanting or don't use cover crops. 
 


Every No-Till Farmer should watch all these videos to learn more. Anytime that you want to learn something, it is very important to learn from different people so you can get different perspectives and ideas. 
 

My favorite no till inspirations: 



Elaine Ingham changed my perspective on soil and inspired me to go back to school for soil science. Dirt is dead...soil is ALIVE!


Mendo Dope, Minnosota Nice, n homies break down the no till process from start to finish that is easy to understand and they bring tha jamz. 



Brownguy420 was my first inspiration to grow with respect to the Earth. Its been fun to watch his journey through his youtube videos


Paul Stamets was another inspiration for me to go back to school. He changed my views on mushrooms and taught us how mushroom mycelium allows plants to communicate like an underground fungal internet. 


For me, no till living soil isn't about the profits or yields...its about the conscious decision that we can make every day to work in alignment with Earths design. No till gardening may also bring you profits and higher yields but its really about higher quality medicine. 

We are growing a plant that can prevent disease and I think that we should be growing it in a way that prevents disease as well. The health of our society relies on the health of our soil. 

We need to stop saying "Fuck Cancer" and say Fuck the poisons that we allow to give us disease. Fuck the pesticides, harmful chemicals, harmeceticals, and fake foods that are giving us the disease in the first place. No till living soil teaches that there is health through harmony with nature. 


No Till Living Soil can save the world:


Everything relies on the health of our soil. Without it, we don't have food, clean water, or building materials. Unhealthy soil creates disasters like The Dust Bowl, disease, and floods.

The book, "Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations" will show you the many times that societies have collapsed because of unhealthy soil. This is why we need to start seeing the soil as a living entity that deserves respect. Lets learn from the past so that we don't keep making the same mistakes.

Large scale no-till farms can even help to sequester carbon from the air:
"Soil has the ability to store carbon, preventing it from entering the air as the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and contributing to climate change. No-till farming and gardening—growing crops with little or no tilling or plowing—may be particularly well suited to sequestering carbon, especially when combined with organic practices."

"When a field or garden is tilled, previously buried organic matter—including carbon—is brought to the surface and exposed to oxygen in the air. Oxygen is necessary for most soil microbes to digest carbon and other organic compounds. By bringing buried SOC to the surface, tilling accelerates the rate of decomposition and carbon dioxide exhalation."
-https://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/no-till-gardening

 



So join the No Till Revolution and end our soils pollution! 


Favorite Books:

Learn more:

http://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-16

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/advantages-mulching-39066.html

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13593-012-0099-4

DIVERSE COVER CROP MIXES FOR GOOD SOIL HEALTH
https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_PLANTMATERIALS/publications/nypmssy11419.pdf

https://www.icmag.com/ic/showthread.php?t=330015

http://www.rollitup.org/t/recycled-organic-living-soil-rols-and-no-till-thread.636057/

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